“It's my fault. I programmed you to want too much.”
Ed Dillinger, Tron
At the end of this session you should be able to
So far we have always used some environmental information as independent variable for the prediction which has also been recorded at the field survey plots (e.g. vegetation coverage). Since we are know able to read raster data sets, we could also try to use the information of these rasters as independent variable.
For example, if we extract the height values from a DEM at the locations of our field survey plots and given that there is actually a relationship between height above sea level and plant diversity, we could use the area-wide digital elevation raster data set to predict the plant diversity for each grid of the raster. Of course we could also try to utilize satellite observations which are also area-wide raster data sets.
Basically, the only (technical) difference between the non-area wide and area-wide prediction and also the validation of such predictions is the type of independent variable we use. For the non-area wide prediction we have used environmental information recorded on the field survey plots as independent variable(s). For area-wide predictions, we try to use information from raster data sets (e.g. DEM, satellite indices) as independent variable. The rest of our analysis workflow stays the same.
Please note that this kind of prediction requires careful field survey plannings and data selection and also has some restrictions which must be considered. For today, we keep it as simple as described and will come back to that topic in the school of 2015.